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The Climate Reality Project - South Asia

South Asian countries are among the world's most significant and diverse biodiversity hotspots. This region boasts an array of geographical wonders, including the Sundarbans, the world's largest mangrove forest; the coral reefs of Lakshadweep in India; Sri Lanka, surrounded by the Indian Ocean; and Bhutan's expansive Eastern Himalayan Alpine Shrubs and Meadows. Despite its rich ethnic and ecological landscapes, the region is highly vulnerable to climate change, posing significant risks to its residents. Each year, climate change increasingly affects South Asian countries with prolonged heat waves, floods, and droughts, continuously disrupting the lives of people in the region. Bangladesh is particularly at risk, emphasizing the critical need for climate adaptation. Sri Lanka faces escalating climate impacts alongside an unprecedented economic crisis, directly affecting livelihoods. India experiences relentless rains, coastal disasters, and disrupted wind patterns and monsoons, making life increasingly challenging for its population. According to the IPCC Climate Change Mitigation Report 2022, rapid transformation across all sectors is necessary to prevent the worst climate impacts. The Climate Project Foundation is unifying efforts across these South Asian countries by fostering cross-country collaborations and working with stakeholders. By understanding the unique needs of each region, the foundation aims to influence lifestyles and behaviors to mitigate climate change effectively.

Bangladesh, a country highly vulnerable to the impacts of global warming due to its low-lying geography and dense population. Rising sea levels threaten to inundate vast coastal areas, displacing millions of people and disrupting agriculture, which is a cornerstone of the nation's economy. Increased frequency and severity of cyclones, floods, and storm surges exacerbate these issues, leading to loss of life, property damage, and economic instability. 

This necessitates climate action with a multi-faceted approach focusing on both mitigation and adaptation strategies. Raising awareness about climate change is a fundamental step in triggering effective climate action. Learn how The Climate Reality Project India & South Asia is planning to effectively implement it.

Nepal, nestled in the heart of the Himalayas, faces unique challenges in the wake of climate change. With its diverse geography, from towering mountains to low-lying plains, the country experiences a wide range of climate impacts. Glacial melting in the Himalayas poses threats of floods and landslides, while erratic weather patterns disrupt agriculture, the backbone of Nepal's economy. Shifts in precipitation patterns and temperatures affect crop yields, leading to reduced agricultural productivity and income for rural communities.

Moreover, the changing climate in Nepal is altering the dynamics of its fragile ecosystems, posing threats to biodiversity and freshwater resources. This has serious implications for both human and wildlife populations, as access to clean water becomes increasingly scarce, and habitats are disrupted. The vulnerability of marginalized communities, particularly those living in remote and mountainous regions, is further exacerbated by limited access to resources and infrastructure. 


Climate Action in Bhutan >

Bhutan, a Himalayan nation known for its pristine landscapes and rich biodiversity, is facing significant impacts of climate change. The melting of glaciers threatens the country's water resources, crucial for hydropower generation and agriculture. This jeopardizes both energy security and food production, key pillars of Bhutan's economy. Furthermore, changing weather patterns exacerbate the risk of natural disasters like floods and landslides, leading to infrastructure damage and loss of lives.

Additionally, shifts in temperature and precipitation patterns disrupt ecosystems, endangering unique species of flora and fauna. Bhutan, despite its commitment to environmental conservation, faces escalating challenges due to climate change. These impacts require concerted efforts to adapt to changing conditions, build resilience, and pursue sustainable development pathways, ensuring the preservation of Bhutan's natural heritage for future generations.


Climate Action in Sri Lanka >

Sri Lanka, an island nation in the Indian Ocean, faces significant climate change impacts, particularly in coastal areas where rising sea levels lead to erosion and saltwater intrusion, threatening communities and livelihoods reliant on fishing and tourism. Changing rainfall patterns affect agriculture, causing crop failures and food insecurity, while extreme weather events like floods and droughts damage infrastructure and homes.

Climate change also impacts public health, increasing vector-borne diseases such as dengue fever and malaria. Habitat loss, deforestation, and pollution threaten Sri Lanka's biodiversity, disproportionately affecting vulnerable communities and exacerbating social and economic inequalities. It requires integrated strategies focusing on building resilience, promoting sustainable development and adapting to changing conditions to mitigate the effects of climate change.

Leadership at South Asian Countries

To understand the local impact of climate change in South Asian countries, The Climate Project Foundation has appointed country representatives; who are helping us understand the mitigation strategies in their respective countries.


Mr. Phurpa Lama

Country Coordinator

Mr. Phurpa Lama.jpg

Sri Lanka

Ms. Kanchana Weerakoon

Country Coordinator

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